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PSYCHOSOMATIC ISSUES


Psychosomatic Disorders Treatment Vimhans Mental Hospital



Psychosomatic means mind (psyche) and body (soma). Psychosomatic issues are the ones in which the physical symptoms are caused by or aggravated by psychological factors. Although the emotional or thought process is not the role cause of the illness, it plays a significant role in the development, maintenance and resolution of the illness. This means that your thoughts, if negative or upsetting, tend to express themselves through bodily ailments.

Some common examples of psychosomatic issues are peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, migraines, back pain and so on.

Psychosomatic issues require more than medicine to be resolved. One needs to find the root of the problem (which is often psychological) rather than simply treating its manifestation (the physical illness). For example, finding out what is causing stress in a person and enabling that person to handle such stressful situations will be more effective that just giving medicine for their stress-related stomach ailments. Counseling or psychotherapy might be effective in relieving some of the underlying psychological factors causing the physical symptoms.

DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS


Dissociation is one way the mind copes with too much stress such as during a traumatic event like sexual or physical abuse, or war or natural disasters.

Dissociation causes a lack of connection in a person’s thoughts, memory and sense of identity. It seems to fall on a continuous of severity. Mild dissociation would be like daydreaming, getting lost in book or when you are driving down a familiar stretch of road and realize that you do not remember the last several kilometers.

A severe and more chronic of dissociation is seen in disorders like dissociative amnesiac (inability to recall personally significant memories), dissociative fugue (memory loss characteristic of amnesia, loss of one’s identity, and fleeing fuone one’s home environment), dissociative identity disorder (the person has two or more distinct personalities that alternate with one another).

The primary treatment for dissociative disorders involves psychotherapy, during which your experiences of dissociation will be discussed & new coping techniques will be taught. Once new coping techniques have been learned and are effective the initial trauma that caused the start of the dissociative symptoms will likely be discussed in an attempt to resolve it.




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